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HomeDog Health30 Common Dog Health Problems and Solutions

30 Common Dog Health Problems and Solutions

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As a pet owner, you have to take measures to ensure that your pet is healthy. It’s important to know about the most common dog health problems that could affect our pets. When it comes to dogs, many common dog health problems are likely to affect your canine. These problems can be quite troublesome unless detected in the early stages. 

Here is a list of the most common dog health problems that you should know:

dog sitting on his bed

Arthritis

Arthritis is the inflammation of joints in your pet’s body. It causes pain, inconvenience, and stiffness, making your dog suffer considerably. If your dog has arthritis, the ligaments present within its joints either change or become damaged making the joint surfaces rough.

It also makes the bones rub against one another. This can not only be uncomfortable for your dog but it can also further harm its cartilage. 

Although this disease is mainly prevalent in older dogs, it can happen at any age.

Causes

  • Joint instability
  • Damage to cartilage 
  • Abnormal cartilage development
  • Damage caused by injuries or fractures
  • By autoimmune disorders
  • Joint infections

Symptoms

  • Your dog being reluctant to exercise
  • Stiffness (generally after resting for a long time)
  • Constantly licking its joints
  • Your dog might move slower than usual
  • Reluctance to move around, walk or climb up and down a staircase
  • Exhibiting grumpy behavior
  • Unusual weight gain
  • A loss of appetite

Solutions

When the cartilage in your dog’s joint is broken or harmed, there are seldom any cases of it repairing by itself. However, you can help ease your dog’s pain by taking your dog on walks, making them exercise lightly, controlling their weight, feeding them a balanced diet, and massaging them.

You can also try acupuncture and other forms of physical rehabilitation. 

dog sitting on the floor

Autoimmune Diseases

Autoimmune diseases are diseases that affect the dog’s immune system. The immune system works to defend and protect cells and tissues in the body. But, the exact opposite happens if your pet contracts autoimmune diseases i.e. its immune system begins to attack these cells and tissues. The extent of danger these diseases possess depends on the organ or tissue that has been attacked. 

Numerous autoimmune diseases exist in dogs. Some of them are:

  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
  • Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia (AIHA)
  • Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia (ITP)
  • Immune-Mediated Polyarthritis
  • Autoimmune Skin Diseases

Causes

Autoimmune skin diseases are either caused by exposure to UV rays or certain drugs. The other kinds of autoimmune diseases are caused by genetics, reactions to getting vaccinated, sulfa antibiotic medications, and disease-carrying ticks. These must be recognized at the early stages and if left untreated, the repercussions can be lethal.

Symptoms

  • Tenderness or fragility in joints and muscles, also pain
  • Uncontrollable thirst and urination
  • Ulcers or sores
  • Recurring kidney infections
  • Thyroid issues
  • Fur loss
  • Discoloration of nose skin
  • Anemia
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Spleen, liver, or kidney enlargement
  • Fever
  • Weight loss
  • Escalated breathing and heart rate

Solutions

Autoimmune diseases can be treated with immunosuppression. In this process, your canine is given drugs so that the reaction of the immune system can be controlled and reduced. Other suggested treatments are physical therapy and hydrotherapy, acupuncture, massage, and a balanced diet. You should also consider keeping your pet away from preservatives and chemicals. 

dog sitting on the floor

Broken bones

Your dog might break its bones due to a lot of reasons. These fractures are generally either “closed” or “open.” An open fracture is when the skin over the bone is exposed. If the skin is well intact, it is called a closed fracture. Your dog might also get a hairline fracture, which is a small crack in the bone. These fractures are painful and cause considerable discomfort.

Causes

Broken bones are often caused by sudden impact or a great force being applied to parts of your dog’s body. Road accidents or falls are what usually causes bone injuries.

Symptoms

  • Bones sticking out through the skin
  • The limbs are at a strange angle
  • Your pet finds it difficult to walk
  • Lumps, bumps, or other irregularities
  • Difficulty in moving the joints
  • Ache, stiffness, and tenderness
  • Your dog might stiffen, bend, or twist 
  • Bruising or swelling
  • Your dog howling without any particular reason

Solutions

Your initial reaction to potentially broken bones should be to reduce your dog’s pain and prevent the situation from worsening. Only a medical professional can attend to any broken bones so rush your canine to a vet immediately. 

dog at the vet

Cancer

It is the irregular growth or division of cells inside your dog’s body. Cancer generally affects older dogs and statistics suggest that it is the leading cause of death in canines over the age of 10. There are multiple types of cancer that affect dogs including:

  • Mouth and nose cancer
  • Melanoma
  • Testicular
  • Brain tumors
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Mast cell tumors
  • Hemangiosarcoma
  • Lymphoma
  • Bladder cancer
  • Squamous cell carcinomas
  • Mammary carcinoma
  • Malignant histiocytosis
  • Breast cancer

Causes

Scientists are yet to determine the primary causes behind dogs getting cancer.

Symptoms

  • A lump or a bump
  • A wound that isn’t healing
  • Swelling
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Lameness
  • Abnormal bleeding
  • A loss of appetite
  • Abnormal discharge from ears, eyes, mouth, or rectum
  • Depression
  • Weight loss
  • Trouble breathing
  • Excessive coughing

Solutions

Most kinds of cancer can be treated if they’re diagnosed early. Surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and cryotherapy are the standard treatments for cancer and your vet can guide you better. 

dog at the vet

Canine Distemper

Canine Distemper is caused by a virus that attacks the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems. It is a highly contagious disease and generally spreads through airborne exposure. But it can also be transmitted through shared food or water bowls, and other shared items. Although any dog at any age can contract canine distemper, puppies less than four months old are at a higher risk if they aren’t vaccinated.

Causes

It is caused by the spread of the distemper virus. 

Symptoms

Initially,

  • Fever
  • Sneezing and coughing
  • Pus-like discharge from eyes and nose
  • Lethargy
  • Reduced appetite
  • Vomiting

As the virus hits the nervous system,

  • Circling behavior
  • Head tilt
  • Muscle twitches
  • Convulsions
  • Jaw chewing movements
  • Salivation
  • Seizures
  • Partial or complete paralysis

Solutions

There is no cure for canine distemper. However it can be diagnosed through clinical and laboratory testing. Timely vaccination is the best way to prevent your dog from contracting this virus.

dog at the clinic

Canine Influenza

Canine Influenza, commonly known as ‘dog flu’, is a form of influenza that affects dogs. Although the percentage of fatality in this case is considerably less, it is still one of the most contagious respiratory diseases in dogs. 

Causes

Canine Influenza is caused by Type A influenza viruses that infect dogs, namely, H3N8 and H3N2. It is usually spread through coughing and sneezing or by coming in contact with contaminated surfaces. 

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Lethargy
  • A running nose
  • Coughing and sneezing
  • A loss of appetite
  • Eye discharge
  • Breathing problems
  • Pneumonia

Solutions

There is no treatment for this disease. All you can do is support your dog through the ordeal and give it time to recover. Provide your dog with a balanced diet and plenty of clean water and they’ll recover once the virus has run its course. 

dog at the vets clinic

Canine Parvovirus

Discovered in 1967, canine parvovirus is a dangerous disease that affects the stomach, small intestines, or the cardiovascular system. 

Causes

It is caused due to the canine parvovirus type 2b and spreads through contact with contaminated feces or surfaces infected by contaminated feces. 

Symptoms

  • Lethargy
  • A loss of appetite
  • Anorexia
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Pain and discomfort
  • High heart rate
  • Hypothermia

Solutions

Vaccines can prevent Parvovirus but if left untreated the chances of mortality is 91%. While the disease has no known cure, your pet may need to be hospitalized so it can be given supportive treatment in the form of intravenous fluids, antiemetics to stop the vomiting and a focus on nutrition and giving your dog a balanced diet.

an image of a dog

Periodontal Disease

Also known as gum disease, periodontal disease is a gum infection that harms the soft tissue in your dog’s mouth. If not treated immediately, not only can it destroy the bones providing support to your dog’s teeth but it can also cause other health issues. It has four stages, the first stage being the formation of plague to your canine losing its teeth in the last stage. 

Causes

The build-up of plaque and tartar in your dog’s teeth can cause Periodontal disease.

Symptoms

  • The inability to chew
  • Loose or broken teeth
  • Excessive drooling
  • Bleeding gums
  • A change in behavior
  • Abnormal discharge from the mouth
  • The inability to open or close the mouth
  • A sore mouth
  • Yellow or brown tartar on teeth

Solutions

Prevention is better than cure when it comes to Periodontal diseases. This includes regular brushing, yearly oral exams, and feeding your dog a balanced diet.  

Also Read: Why Is My Dog Bleeding From the Mouth? Causes and Treatments

an image of a dog at the vet

Diabetes

Just like in humans, diabetes is a condition that affects the levels of glucose or sugar in your pet’s blood. There are two types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2. Diabetes occurs when your dog’s body either stops producing insulin or produces too little. Your pet might also have a strange reaction to insulin. Diabetes can affect your dog’s eyesight and also their quality of life in the long run. 

Causes

Causes of diabetes are yet to be determined but genetics and environmental factors are suspected to play a huge role. Type 1 diabetes, although more common during a dog’s adolescence, can appear at any age. Type 2 diabetes is more common in older dogs.

Symptoms

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Ketones present in urine
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Frequently getting infected 

Solutions

Diabetes is treated using numerous medications. 

Type 1

Insulin is the main treatment for diabetes. There are four different types of insulin used for treatment. They are as follows:

  • Rapid-acting insulin: This begins to work within fifteen minutes and lasts for about 3-4 hours
  • Short-acting insulin: This takes about 30 minutes before it starts working and the effects last up to 6-8 hours
  • Intermediate-acting insulin: This doesn’t start working until an hour or so has passed but it lasts for 12-18 hours
  • Long-acting insulin: It takes a few hours to kick in but lasts for about 24 hours, sometimes even longer. 

Type 2

Dogs with Type 2 diabetes need to be exercised well with a lot of focus on their diet. The vet may also prescribe medications.  

dog lying on the bed

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a common problem in dogs. It is not a disease on its own, but rather a symptom of many other diseases, sometimes even life-threatening. Severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalances need to be prevented because it might cause mild illnesses to turn into much bigger problems. 

Causes

It occurs when the rate of absorption of water, nutrients, and electrolytes inside the body decreases, along with an increase in the rate of fecal movement through its intestines. There can be multiple causes of diarrhea, which are as follows:

  • Viral or bacterial infections
  • Acute or chronic stress
  • Acute or chronic parasites
  • Changes in diet
  • Reactions to some medications
  • Acute intolerance to exercise
  • Acute and chronic metabolic diseases
  • Chronic intestinal cancer
  • Ingestion
  • Pancreatitis

Symptoms

  • More water in feces than usual
  • Increased volume of feces
  • Fecal accidents
  • Blood or mucus in the feces
  • Difficulty in defecating 
  • Loose and watery stools
  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting
  • Pain in the abdominal region

Solutions

The veterinarian might recommend a few tests for your dog, after which they’ll be able to diagnose and treat the disease or illness correctly. You can also consider making some dietary changes by feeding your dog a healthy and bland balanced diet. 

dog getting his treatment

Ear Infections

Statistics show that 20 percent of dogs get some kind of ear disease in their lifetime, especially dogs with floppy ears. Dogs are more prone to contract ear infections because of the way their ear canals are shaped. Infections can occur either in the outer, middle, or inner ear and these infections can cause severe discomfort and in some cases even a loss of hearing. 

Causes

Ear infections are caused by bacteria or yeast, or both. Your dog might get ear infections depending on its environment and its diet. Sometimes moisture, allergies, endocrine disorders, autoimmune disorders, wax buildup, and injuries can also be the reason behind these infections. 

Symptoms

  • Shaking its head frequently
  • Scratching the infected ear
  • Dark discharge
  • Odor
  • Redness or swelling in the infected region
  • Pain and itchiness
  • Crusting or scabs in the ears

Solutions

The treatment for any ear disease begins by cleaning your dog’s ears thoroughly. Your vet might also prescribe medication to keep your dog’s ears clean. Sometimes, some oral antibiotics and anti-inflammatory meds are also prescribed. 

Also Read: Why is My Dog Bleeding from Ear? Causes and Treatment

dog on the couch

Lumps

There are many forms of lumps or bumps that can develop on your dog’s body. These include:

  • Lipomas
  • Sebaceous cysts
  • Warts
  • Hematomas
  • Infected hair follicles
  • Benign tumor
  • Malignant tumor

Causes

The causes for lumps are uncertain.

Symptoms

You need to be concerned if the lump:

  • Starts growing fast
  • Starts changing size or shape 
  • Oozes or breaks open
  • Is firm and tightly fixed
  • Is abnormally colored

You can’t look at a lump and tell if it’s dangerous. Your vet will need to conduct a test to be sure. 

Solutions

The treatment for these lumps or tumors depend on the type, location, size, and your dog’s physical health. 

dog getting his treatment

Parasites

Parasites are organisms that live on or inside the host’s body and also feed off it. These include ticks, mites, lice, and fleas and they cause your dog a lot of discomfort and irritation. These parasites can also carry diseases such as dermatitis and anemia. In some cases, your dog might also be allergic to these parasites. 

Causes

Parasites are generally transmitted when your dog accidentally ingests parasite eggs or spores which were present in the soil, water, feces, or food. In some cases, puppies genetically inherit parasites from their mothers. 

Symptoms

  • Scooting
  • Vomiting
  • Distended abdomen
  • Weight Loss
  • Decreased activity
  • Dull coat
  • Hair loss
  • Aggressive scratching
  • Scabs
  • Weakness
  • Irritated skin
  • Too much itching

Solutions

There are several different kinds of treatment available for parasite infection. It is advisable to contact your vet and let him guide you through the entire medical procedure. 

dog sitting

Fleas

Fleas are tiny parasites that suck your dog’s blood. There are a lot of dogs who are allergic to these flea bites. Fleas can further cause tapeworm and anemia, thus being a huge discomfort to your pet. 

Causes

Fleas transfer themselves from the body of an old host to a new one either by hopping or crawling and they can also jump onto your dog’s body from the ground. 

Symptoms

  • Intense scratching
  • Red and flaky skin or rashes
  • Scabs and sores
  • Hot spots
  • Hair loss
  • Skin infections

Solutions

The ideal way to deal with fleas is prevention. Flea and tick preventatives can kill fleas when they come in contact with your dog. 

an image of a sick dog

Fungal Infections

Fungal infections occur when fungal spores enter your dog’s body. This can either be by inhalation or from your pet’s skin. Fungal infections can happen either on your dog’s body’s surface or can be systemic and spread throughout its body. 

Causes

Fungal infections are caused when your dog inhales fungal spores or the spores enter your pet’s body through the skin (open wounds).

Symptoms

  • Coughing, sneezing, and nose bleeds
  • Nasal discharge
  • A swollen nose
  • A loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Inflammation of the eye
  • Skin lesions
  • Sudden blindness
  • Seizures
  • Lameness and stiffness
  • Dizziness

Solutions

Antifungal drugs can help treat fungal infections.

dog on the bed

Heatstroke

Dogs usually eliminate heat from their body by panting. Sometimes, panting doesn’t eliminate enough heat, leading to a rise in your dog’s body temperature. This causes a heatstroke which can be quite lethal if not given immediate treatment. 

Causes

Heatstroke is usually caused due to warm weather conditions. Sometimes, carelessness on the part of the owner can also be credited to the cause, such as leaving your dog alone in your car with the windows rolled up. The inability to provide them with ample shade and water in hot weather is also another cause. 

Symptoms

  • Excessive panting
  • Drooling and salivating
  • Reddened gums
  • Vomiting
  • Mental dullness
  • Falling unconscious
  • Uncoordinated movements
  • Weakness leading to collapsing
  • Increased heart rate and pulse
  • Dehydration
  • Glassy eyes
  • Barking or whining
  • Seizures
  • Coma

Solutions

Treatment usually includes intravenous fluid therapy. This replaces the fluids and minerals in your dog’s body. 

dog at the vet

Hookworms

Hookworms are parasites that live in your dog’s digestive system. As the name suggests, they’re shaped like hooks. Their unique shape enables them to get attached to the inner lining of the intestinal walls and not only do they suck your dog’s blood, but they also lay eggs in its digestive tract. 

Causes

Hookworms spread through feces or soil; while puppies can also inherit hookworms from their mother’s milk. 

Symptoms

  • Itching
  • Rashes
  • A loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Failure to increase weight
  • Coughing
  • Anemia

Solutions

Hookworms can be treated by drugs called anthelmintics. The dosage is usually made orally, however, the medication only eliminates adult hookworms. Therefore, your dog might need to be disinfected several times.  

vet checking the dog

Hot Spots

Hotspots are raw, red, itchy, and inflamed lesions on your dog’s skin. If your dog refuses to leave them alone and constantly licks, gnaws, or bites them, then these lesions can turn into moist, oozing sores. 

Causes

Anything that irritates your dog’s skin enough to get it to itch, bite, or gnaw at it will cause a hotspot. Other factors which contribute to the formation of hotspots, are:

  • Moisture and humidity
  • Poor grooming
  • Allergic reactions
  • Pyoderma
  • Ear infections
  • Parasites
  • Pests
  • Anal gland disease
  • Behavioral issues such as extreme licking

Symptoms

  • Redness
  • Hair loss
  • Swelling
  • Moist lesions
  • Discharge of fluids
  • Pus developing in sores

Solutions

Fortunately, hotspots can also be treated at home, provided that you learn about them early on. You can use medicated anti-itch shampoos to prevent your dog from constantly itching the infected areas and soothe the inflamed skin. 

dog taking his meds

Kennel Cough

Kennel cough, often known as bordetella, is caught by dogs when they inhale bacteria or virus particles. These particles directly affect their respiratory system and sometimes, kennel cough can also result in the inflammation of the larynx and trachea. 

Causes

Kennel cough is caused due to the bordetella bacteria and the canine parainfluenza virus. Dogs can get kennel cough if they inhale the air that an infected dog has coughed, if they share objects that have been contaminated, or if they come in direct contact with an infected dog. 

Symptoms

  • Persistent cough
  • Sneezing
  • A runny nose
  • Eye discharge
  • A loss of appetite
  • Decreased energy levels
  • Lethargy
  • Gagging sounds 
  • Fever

Solutions

There are different kinds of treatment available for this illness, depending on the intensity of the infection. Dogs that have been mildly affected won’t need intensive treatment as the disease needs to run its course. Severe cases are usually treated with oral antibiotics and other medications. 

sick dog

Leptospirosis

Leptospirosis occurs when your dog’s mucous membranes come in contact with infected urine, urine-contaminated soil, water, food, or bedding.

Causes

It is caused by the leptospira bacteria which infects the dog’s body through contaminated urine.

Symptoms

  • Fever and shivering
  • Muscle tenderness
  • Reluctance to move
  • Vomiting
  • Dehydration
  • Increased thirst
  • Changes in the frequency of urination
  • A loss of appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Jaundice
  • Painful inflammation in the eyes

Solutions

Leptospirosis is generally treated with antibiotics, nevertheless, you can also take care of your dog by providing it with supportive care and therapy. Timely vaccination is the best way to prevent this disease. 

owner giving medicine to his dog

Obesity

Obesity occurs when your dog is overweight. According to statistics, about 40 percent of dogs are overweight. While obesity as a disease on its own is lethal, it can also lead to other health problems such as cancer, diabetes, heart diseases, etc. 

Causes

There could be many reasons as to why your dog is obese. These include but are not limited to breed predisposition, adverse effects of some medications, endocrine diseases, not eating a balanced diet, and having neglectful owners. Usually, older dogs are more likely to become obese as compared to younger ones. 

Symptoms

  • Weight gain and extreme body weight
  • A lack of stamina
  • The unwillingness to exercise
  • Breathing problems
  • Heart diseases and respiratory illnesses
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes

Solutions

Feeding your dog a balanced diet and making it exercise regularly will help it lose weight. You can also take it on long walks and make sure they are sufficiently active despite being older.

an image of a sick dog

Poisoning

Dogs get poisoned when they accidentally ingest something toxic or poisonous.

Causes

Poisoning occurs when your dog eats or swallows something harmful which it shouldn’t have eaten. 

Symptoms

  • Drooling
  • Vomiting
  • A loss of appetite
  • Rashes
  • Seizures 
  • Heavy breathing
  • Falling unconscious
  • Organ failure
  • Loss of coordination
  • Becoming sensitive to light
  • Coma
  • Death

Solutions

If you suspect that your dog is poisoned, you need to contact the vet immediately and take it to the hospital. Professionals will know how to treat it in such a situation. Inducing vomiting might also help it throw up the toxic substances it has ingested. 

dog sitting on the floor

Prostate Problems

Prostate problems occur when male dogs start having issues with their prostate gland. There are a variety of prostate problems that your dog might be suffering from. The primary problems include prostate enlargement, bacterial infection, cysts, and cancer. 

Causes

There are at least 7 diseases that affect the prostate and cause it to enlarge. These are benign prostatic hyperplasia, squamous metaplasia, cystic hyperplasia, paraprostatic cysts, bacterial infection, prostatic abscess, and prostatic cancer.

Symptoms

  • Pain while urinating
  • Constipation
  • Blood present in urine
  • Bloody or yellow discharge from the penis
  • A loss of appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Fever
  • Abdominal and rectal pain
  • Weight loss

Solutions

Although there is no specific treatment for prostate enlargement, a solution is to get your dog neutered. In some cases, your vet might also recommend antibiotics. 

dog at the clinic

Rabies

Rabies is a viral disease, which infects dogs of any age. Dogs infected with rabies experience brain inflammation and it also has a detrimental effect on their central nervous system. 

Causes

Rabies spreads when your dog comes in contact with the contaminated saliva of another infected or rabid animal. The infection can also spread from a bite wound or something as inconspicuous as a scratch.

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Aggressiveness
  • Anxiety and seizures
  • A dropped jaw
  • Hydrophobia
  • Paralysis
  • Failure of the respiratory system

Solutions

While there is no treatment available for rabies, you can still take preventive measures by getting your dog vaccinated against it.

dog at the hospital

Ringworm

Ringworms live off a dog’s dead hair and skin tissues and produce infected spores all over its body. These infected spores further infect the broken skin causing your dog plenty of discomfort. 

Causes

Ringworm is caused by a collection of pathogenic fungi growing on the surface of your dog’s skin. 

Symptoms

  • Dry hair and hair fall
  • Inflamed scabs on the skin
  • Dandruff like scaling
  • Red lesions
  • Brittle and rough nails

Solutions

Several oral medications can help in the treatment of ringworm. 

an image of a sick dog at the hospital

Roundworms

Roundworms are one of the common dog health problems you should know of. They are parasites that live in your dog’s stomach and intestines. Unfortunately, roundworms can grow up to 7 inches long and lay around 20,000 eggs per day, causing your pet severe discomfort.

Causes

Ringworms spread when dogs lick or sniff the infected stool or come in contact with infected birds, rodents, earthworms, and cockroaches. Puppies might also get roundworms from their mother’s milk.

Symptoms

  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting
  • Hair loses its shine
  • Coughing

Solutions

While you can prevent this by giving your dog heartworm meds, the treatment for this disease includes numerous rounds of deworming.

dog with the vet

Skin Allergies

Skin allergies develop on your dog’s skin. Dogs with sensitive skin are more likely to contract such allergies. 

Causes

Many allergies can affect your dog’s skin, and they can be caused by almost anything. Some of the causes are listed below:

  • Flea allergy dermatitis
  • Food allergies
  • Environmental allergies
  • Allergy to certain medications
  • Being hypersensitive to bacteria
  • Seborrhea

Symptoms

  • Itchy ears
  • Hives
  • Extreme itching and constant scratching
  • Inflamed and red skin
  • Changes in behavior
  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • Sneezing

Solutions

Depending on the severity of the allergy, your vet will provide a suitable treatment for your dog. Some of the treatments include giving it medicated baths weekly, providing it with supplements, antihistamines, antifungal medications, and antibiotics and you can also try immunotherapy. 

sick dog

Tapeworms

Tapeworms are one of the common dog health problems. They are flat, white, and segmented worms. They are another kind of parasite that lives off dogs and other animals. Tapeworms develop inside your dog’s intestinal tract and can grow from 4 inches up to 28.

Causes

A tapeworm infection can occur when your dog ingests some tapeworm eggs. 

Symptoms

  • Lethargy
  • Extended abdomen
  • A loss of shine in its coat
  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting and diarrhea

Solutions

Just like with other worms, tapeworms can be treated through multiple deworming procedures.

Also Read: Internal Bleeding in Dogs: Symptoms, Causes & Recovery

a dog posing

Tick-Borne Diseases

Ticks are parasites that stick themselves to dogs and other animals. They survive by feeding on their host’s blood and can also transmit diseases directly into the host’s system. 

Causes

It is spread when your dog is bitten by an infected tick.

Symptoms

  • A loss of appetite
  • Fever and lethargy
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • Stiff joints

Solutions

The earlier your dog is treated against tick-borne diseases, the better. The treatment for these diseases includes antibiotics and oral and topical products that prevent tick infection.

owner feeding the dog

Urinary Tract Infections

UTIs are bacterial infections that develop in your dog’s bladder and the urinary tract. 

Causes

UTI is caused when bacteria enter your dog’s urethra.

Symptoms

  • Dribbling urine
  • Licking around the urinary opening
  • Cloudy or bloody urine
  • Fever
  • Pain during urination
  • Excessive water intake

Solutions

Once your vet conducts a urinalysis, he’ll treat your dog for UTIs depending on the type and the severity of the illness. He’ll also prescribe antibiotics and recommend an increase in your dog’s water intake.

dog getting his treatment

These are some common dog health problems that you might encounter in your pet’s life. Hopefully, reading the above article has clarified all your dog health questions and if you’re still confused about whether your dog has any of the above health conditions, it is recommended to talk to a vet. You can also search for any symptoms your dog is showing by running it through an online dog symptom checker. This would help you cross-check the symptoms your dog is showing. 

Paul Andrewshttps://www.linkedin.com/in/paul-andrews-172490189/
A digital marketing expert by profession, Andrews is a gifted writer and animal lover at heart. A self-confessed "pawrent", Andrews is well-versed in all things dogs. He uses his years of experience of raising puppies into show quality dogs to help guide first time pet parents. He believes in spreading the joy that comes with being a dog dad and advocates more families to adopt pets.

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